The Pantheon is a temple devoted to all gods and created in Ancient Rome epoch. It’s placed at the Piazza della Rotonda in the Italian capital, right between Di Trevi fountain and Piazza Navona. The construction process of Roman Pantheon was finished in 126th year and currently, it’s one of the most emblematic architectural masterpieces on the whole planet. It’s also one of the most preserved buildings from Roman times. Popular with the name of Agrippa’s Pantheon as Agrippa was the one who used to be here before Roman Pantheon’s destruction by fire in the 80s.
Roman Pantheon’s building impresses with its massive architecture, because its diameter is equal to its height – to be specific, 43.5 meters in total. The cupola is bigger than the cupola of Saint Peter basilica in Vatican. On the top of Roman Pantheon there’s a hole with 9-meter diameter, which allows the natural sunrays to lighten the entire inner open space. The rectangular façade that hides an enormous cupola consists of 16 granite columns, each of which is 14 meters.
In 609th year Roman Pantheon was given from Phocas Emperor to Pope Boniface IV. The pope moved the remains of many martyrs from the Christian tombs right here, in the Roman Pantheon. Since this moment the Pantheon has been turn into a Christian church with the name of Saint Maria and the Martyrs Basilica. The church is functional today.
Right inside Roman Pantheon you can see many pieces of art, but mostly gorgeous sculptors. In the inner part of the Pantheon there are also vaults of many Italian kings. It’s where the Renaissance painter, Raphael, was buried.
As Roman Pantheon has been still a church and there are no entrance tickets at its gates, the attraction is always full of tourists and visitors. It’s a curious fact that right in front of the Pantheon it’s very often to enjoy street live performances that represent an emblematic part of the unique Rome’s atmosphere.
What should I know before a visit of Roman Pantheon?
- The entrance is fee, but the church has regular working time. You can check it out in Roman Pantheon official website.
- The Pantheon is closed on the 1st of January, as well as on the 1st of May and on 25th of December. It’s also not allowed for visits during some specific religious rituals inside the church.
- The best pictures of Roman Pantheon are made during noon, when the sunlight flows direct through the hole of the cupola.
- Don’t visit Roman Pantheon during a rainy day as it’s when the floor becomes quite wet, respectively very slippery.
- Prepare for long queues at the entrance.
- Don’t forget that Roman Pantheon is an active chapel, which is why you should dress up appropriately. Be silent and behave yourself. On mandatory, cover your shoulders and your legs.
How to reach the Roman Pantheon?
Use the city’s public means of transportation as driving in the downtown is almost a mission impossible. The easiest way to reach Roman Pantheon is to catch the subway line 1 and to travel to Barberini station, which is only 8 minutes on feet away from the church.
You can also catch a bus – 492 – to travel to Corso Rinascimento station, which is even closer to the Pantheon, only 4 minutes away by feet.
Check out the days and the specific hours from the working time, when there are guide services in Roman Pantheon. What is even better to do is to book an online ticket for a guide tour in advance. You can do this by sending an e-mail message to this address: email@example.com, as well as by making a reservation in the Roman Pantheon. Though, if you prefer to go directly to the Pantheon to book a guide, note that it’s very possible to find vacant hours for a tour within the next days. Note that the guide tours are available in English, too.
There are discounts for the guide services for kids between 7 and 15 years old, while those, who are under 6 years old, can have it for free.
You can also take the benefits of using an audio guide in order to learn some curious stories and funny facts related to Roman Pantheon. The audio guide services are also available in English.
Don’t underestimate the alternative to download a mobile app available for mobile phones with Android or iOS operating system, either. The application works as an audio guide. It’s an offline interactive map with all the 15 listening spots.
Tip: Have in mind that there are also tours, called Ancient Rome, which in most cases include the Rome Forum, The Coliseum, Di Trevi fountain, as well as Roman Pantheon. Such a tour usually lasts about 3 hours.
Roman Pantheon is accessible for people with mobility problems, as well as for people in wheelchairs.